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Sunday, 7 July 2019

What are the capabalities of S400 and why SWARM Drones can take it out?


INTRODUCTION: The S-400 Triumf is an anti-aircraft weapon system developed in the 1990s by Russia's Almaz Central Design Bureau as an upgrade of the S-300 family. It
has been in service with the Russian Armed Forces since 2007. The S400 is considered the best air-defense systems in the world.


SWARM DRONES


WORKING: Each S-400 battalion is equipped with 8 launchers, a control center and radar. Each of these 8 launchers is equipped with 32 missiles, so a single S400 has 256 missiles onboard. The S-400 uses four different missiles along with a multilayered radar-tracking umbrella to cover its entire performance envelope. Here are the different missiles: 1. Very-long-range 40N6 (400 km) 2. Long-range 48N6 (250 km) 3. Medium-range 9M96E2 (120 km) 4. Short-range 9M96E (40 km) The S-400’s radar has a range of 600 kilometers and is capable of discriminating even objects moving on the ground, such as cars and military vehicles. It can track 300 targets simultaneously and engage 36 of those at any one time. The S 400 system is mobile — and can move at a moment’s notice making it hard to engage. IMPLICATIONS: These capabilities make the S 400 a deadly adversary for any air force. S-400 is fatal threat to everything except the most advanced stealth fighters and bombers. This basically renders all the 4th generation fighters like F 16 and F 18 obsolete. Only the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, F-35 and Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit stealth bomber would be able to operate inside areas protected by S 400. But even those aircraft could be challenged if there were enough S-400 batteries operating as part of an integrated air defense network. It also must be noted that S 400 radar can detect even stealthy aircrafts up to an extent and this capability is being constantly enhanced. SWARM DRONES:





Current drones are remote-controlled be it small once like the PD-100 Black Hornet 2 or large armed once like the General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper. Soon, it could be quite different: drones are becoming smaller, cheaper to make, can zoom around on their own, and gather in groups of hundreds, even thousands, to fly like a flock of birds. They’re called swarms and with enough numbers could be a deadly collaborative force on the battlefield. CURRENT DEVELOPMENT:





There’s more than one military power pushing swarm technology, which includes US, Russia, China and Israel. The US, for example, recently launched 103 small ‘Perdix’ drones from F/A-18 jets. These weigh a few hundred grams, and are released from dispensers normally used for flares. The 3D-printed Perdix drones are disposable, and are intended to suppress enemy air defenses by acting as decoys or jammers or by locating radar so they can be destroyed. The drones feature two sets of small wings, making them look like World War I fighter planes. The biplane configuration reduces wing weight and wingspan. The wings are made of carbon fiber and the fuselage is made of a Kevlar composite. The drone is powered by a lithium polymer battery pack powering a rear-facing push propeller. The drones are capable of withstanding ejection at speeds of up to Mach 0.6 and temperatures as low as minus 10 degrees Celsius. William Roper, director of the Strategic Capabilities Office: "Perdix are not pre-programmed synchronized individuals, they are a collective organism, sharing one distributed brain for decision-making and adapting to each other like swarms in nature," He added: "Because every Perdix communicates and collaborates with every other Perdix, the swarm has no leader and can gracefully adapt to drones entering or exiting the team." During the test, the drones formed up at a preselected point and then headed out to perform four different missions. Three of the missions involved hovering over a target while the fourth mission involved forming a 100-meter-wide circle in the sky. S400 VS DRONE SWARMS: Swarm drone strength will be in the age-old concept of “strength in numbers”. Colonel Travis Burdine of the U.S. Air Force said at the conference: “You have maybe 100 or 1,000 surface-to-air missiles, but we’re going to hit you with 10,000 small drones”. S 400 has a large cache of missiles, 256 per system but it is still finite. Like all Air defenses, the S 400 can be overwhelmed by enough opponents. Also it must be noted that current radars which act as eyes for air defense system including that of S 400 are designed for detecting decent sized targets which fly in isolation and would find it hard to lock onto small targets which fly in groups of similar kinds. The Swarm Drone technology is nascent but represent a revolution in military affairs. Swarm drones could be used not only against air defenses but also against aircraft carriers or fighter jets, which currently have no countermeasures for such attacks.


Watch in Video Format-What are the capabalities of S400 and why SWARM Drones can take it out?


NOTES-MUST READ


1.US Army Wants to fire swarm of weaponised  drones from a missile

                             -New Scientist

2.China’s Swarms of Smart Drones Have Enormous Military Potential


                              -THE DIPLOMAT

3.Drone swarms will change the face of modern warfare


                               -WIRED

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