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Saturday, 22 June 2019

How China copied 5 important Russian weapons?


INTRODUCTION:
Defense exports to China provide Russia with a bunch of strategic benefits. Besides bringing in bucket loads of quick cash, Russian weapons generate a strategic


spinoff by counterbalancing US military power in Asia.

Beijing’s insatiable appetite for advanced weaponry keeps the Russian defense industry ticking along nicely and forces the Americans to divert substantial offensive and defensive resources to check China. This reduces pressure on Russia’s European flanks. However, Russian arms exports to China come with a major downside.

The Chinese often buy limited quantities or ‘samples’, take them apart, and then reverse engineer the weapons. These knock-offs are then peddled cheap as chips overseas, undercutting Russian exports. The impact of this copy is so large that some quarters of Russian power circle objected to sell the S 400 to China, due to fear of copy. S 400 is considered to be most powerful anti air defense system in the world. The deal was eventually sealed after Russian analysts said that state of art; S 400 is too complicated to copy. 1.S19 MSTA-S SELF-PROPELLED HOWITZER (RUSSIA) - WIKIPEDIA





COPY - CHINESE PLZ-05 SELF-PROPELLED HOWITZER - WIKIPEDIA






The S19 "Msta-S” is a self-propelled 152 mm howitzer designed by Soviet Union, which entered service in 1989 as the successor to the SO-152. The vehicle is based on the T-80 tank hull, but is powered by the T-72's diesel engine. It is designed to defeat unsheltered and covered manpower, weapons and materiel to division level. Few of these were bought by China. Chinese expert started reverse engineering the system. They faced lots of difficulty especially in replicating the engine and transmission. But finally a decently working copy was created; it was named as PLZ-05 Self-Propelled Howitzer. Weighting 35 tones, it can fire its munitions at a maximum range of 100 km. As seen, the remarkable similarities leave little doubt about its origin. 2.BM-30 SMERCH “WHIRLWIND” MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER - WIKIPEDIA





COPY - CHINESE PHL03 MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER - WIKIPEDIA




The BM-30 Smerch is a Soviet heavy multiple rocket launcher. The system is designed to defeat personnel, armored, and soft-skinned targets in concentration areas like artillery batteries, command posts and ammunition depots. It was created in the early 1980s and entered service in the Soviet Army in 1989. A Smerch unit is typically composed of six launchers and six trans loaders. China bought few of these systems and was impressed by its effectiveness. As can be very well understood , PHL03 is a direct copy of BM-30 “Smerch”


3.ANTONOV AN-12 TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT - WIKIPEDIA






COPY - SHAANXI Y-8 TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT - WIKIPEDIA





The Antonov An-12 is a four-engine turboprop transport aircraft designed in the Soviet Union. It is the military version of the Antonov An-10 and has many variants. In the 1960s, China purchased several An-12 aircraft from the Soviet Union, along with a license to assemble the aircraft locally. Due to the Sino-Soviet split, the Soviet Union withdrew its technical assistance and the first flight of a Chinese-assembled An-12 was delayed until 1974. The Xi'an Aircraft Company and Xi'an Aircraft Design Institute worked to reverse-engineer the An-12 for local production. 4.RUSSIAN BMP-1 AMPHIBIOUS INFANTRY FIGHTING VEHICLE - WIKIPEDIA





COPY - WZ 501(Type-86)AMPHIBIOUS INFANTRY FIGHTING VEHICLE - WIKIPEDIA



The People's Republic of China bought a single BMP-1 from Egypt in 1975. Soviet-Chinese diplomatic relations were at the time, confrontational, and the Chinese could not ask for a Soviet BMP-1.By reverse-engineering, the Chinese developed an almost full copy of a Soviet BMP-1 in 1986. The Chinese model WZ 501 was 200 kg lighter and with a copied 320 hp NORINCO 6V150 diesel engine, it had the same maximum road speed as the BMP-1. 5.RUSSIAN SUKHOI-27 AND SUKHOI-33 FLANKERS - WIKIPEDIA








COPY - SHENYANG J-11 AND J-15 - WIKIPEDIA





The 1990s saw several huge arms deals between Moscow and Beijing one of the most important involved the sale licensing,technology transfer of the Su-27 Flanker "Multirole Fighter".


The deal gave the chinese one of the world's most dangerous air superiority fighters and gave the Russian aviation industry a lifeline.
But the era of good feelings didnot hold. Details remain murky and disputed, but the Russians claim that the Chinese began violating licensing terms almost immediately, by installing their own avionics on Flankers, under Chinese designation J 11. The deal fell apart after about half of the Su-27s were sent to China and Moscow accused Chinese manufacturers of replicating the jet under the names J-11 and J11-B. The Chinese also began developing a carrier variant, in direct violation of agreed-to terms named J-15 Flying Shark J-15 Flying Shark is a derivative/illegal copy of the Russian SU-33 which was originally based on Sukhoi-27 airframe. But copying has been done with limited success due to complex engineering involved. China for the first time unveiled Flying Shark in 2010 and according to China’s own Defense Analyst, it is unlikely to achieve the same performance characteristics of the Russian Su-33 carrier-based fighter.


Watch in Video Format-How China copied 5 important Russian weapons?


NOTES-MUST READ

1.5 Dangerous Chinese Weapons of War (Stolen or Copied from Russia and America)

                         -THE NATIONAL INTEREST

2 Counterfeit Air Power: Meet China's Copycat Air Force


                       -POPULAR MECHANICS

3.These New Chinese Weapons Originated in the USA and Russia

                           -WAR is BORING

4.Russia rips China's J-15 fighter jet, which Beijing stole from Moscow

                            -BUSINESS INSIDER

5.Rise of the clones: Chinese knockoffs undercut Russian arms exports


                            -RUSSIA BEYOND



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