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Saturday, 4 May 2019

India's Kolkata class destroyer vs China's type 052d destroyer?Analysis


The Kolkat class is a class of stealth guided missile destroyers constructed for the Indian Navy. The class comprises three ships – Kolkata, Kochi and Chennai, all of which are built by Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) in India, and are the largest destroyers to be operated by the Indian Navy. 

The Type 052D destroyer is a class of guided missile destroyers being deployed by the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy. Currently it is being built at two different Chinese shipyards.


The Kolkata follows the Soviet tradition of having a variety of weapons at the bow on various raised platforms. It has a 163 m long hull, which is retained from its predecessor, Delhi class. 

TYPE-52D uses essentially the same hull as its predecessor, the Type-52C. Its hull is slightly smaller at 154 m, but it displaces around 7500 tons when fully loaded suggesting that it is packed to the brim with sensors and weapons and there is hardly any space left for additions of new systems.

Since the destroyers are build to have long service lives, upgrades are imminent. Kolkata class will have more room to incorporate these upgrades, making it a slightly better designed vessel. 


This is the first Indian warship to use Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar, which has 4 static panels instead of a single rotating panel. The Israeli MF-STAR has been chosen for this role. It is mounted very high up on a specially built mast.

The primary radar, the Type-348, is similar in arrangement to the SPY-1 radars of the American AEGIS system. It is a dual band AESA, which has 4 square panels, mounted on 4 sides of the superstructure. 

Though Chinese radar is a very strong performer, MF STARS build by Israel is widely considered the best radar system along with America Aegies system. Hence. Kolkata has slight advantage in this aspect.


The primary Long-Range SAM on board the Kolkata is the Barak-8, which has been jointly developed by India and Israel. This 90 km range missile is designed from the start to intercept supersonic cruise missiles, which travel a few meters above water, which makes it perfect for missile defense. 

The Type-52D can carry 64 Surface to Air missiles theoretically on a pure anti-air mission. But practically, its load out will be 32-48 cells. The primary one is the HQ-9B which has long range area defense capability. It has a slant range of 200 km, which gives it a unique advantage over the Kolkata. It can shoot down a missile launch platform like fighter aircraft at 200 km before the fighter can fire its Anti Ship Missile at it.

But its current load of 32 Barak-8 is highly insufficient for a destroyer of this size in a modern day conflict and leaves it vulnerable to a saturation attack as it can run out of missiles very fast. 

Hence, Type-52D has major advantage in this area, and can be considered to be one of the most well defended destroyer in the world.


The main ASW weapon will be its 2 twin 533 mm torpedo tubes, which can fire long range, heavyweight torpedoes with a range of up to 40 km. The RBU-6000 rocket launching system complements it.
Beyond the horizon ASW helicopters provide ASW capability. The Kolkata has 2 large hangars, which can support any modern ASW helicopter.

Type -52D’s main ASW weapon is 2 triple mountings for a total of 6 lightweight torpedo tubes. These have a range of around 15 km. It also has 4, 18 tube ASW rocket launchers, which are non-reloadable and have a range of around 1 km.

Over the horizon, a single ASW helicopter provides ASW capability. 

Overall, the ASW reach of Type -52D’s is comparatively lower than the Kolkata class. Kolkata does have major advantage in this aspect.


The configuration of Type -52D’s ship for surface warfare can be changed based on mission requirements due to its Universal Vertical Launchers which can fire any type of missile. An ideal layout would consist of 16 YJ-12Anti-Ship Missiles for surface warfare. 

Kolkata’s main armament is a battery of 16 vertically launched BrahMos supersonic long range Anti-Ship missiles. There is space behind the 16 VLS cells for a batch of 8 more cells, but has been left empty. Depending on the mission it can be loaded with 8 more Brahmos or some other type of missile.
This is by far one of the deadliest missile armaments of contemporary warships. It can hit ships at ranges of around 300 km with extreme accuracy. The missile maintains a speed of Mach 2-3 throughout its flight, which makes it extremely difficult for even modern defense systems to shoot it down. 

Brahmos gives Kolkata class an advantage in this category, with increased range, the advantage will be even more pronounced.

SOURCE:Defense Updates-
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