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Thursday, 27 September 2018

Why Russia does not induct brahmos cruise missile in its military?

RUSSIA did not inducted BrahMos -Wikipedia) because they have much better cruise missiles than BrahMos. BrahMos was a joint venture between India’s DRDO and Russia’s NPO Mashinostroyeniya, but only India inducted it. Even before BrahMos, Russia already had P800 oniks cruise missile - Wikipedia) having speed of Mach 2.6 and range of 300 km. The BrahMos is based on the Oniks missile.


BrahMos Missile - Wikipedia

The initial version of BrahMos had a speed of Mach 3 and range of 290 km which was later increased to 450 km. Already having the Oniks with similar speed and range, Russia did not felt the need to induct an altogether new missile in their arsenal, when they were developing hypersonic missiles.

Russia, in 2017, tested the 3M22 Zircon hypersonic cruise missile-Wikipedia). It is specifically an anti-ship cruise missile. It has a speed of Mach 6 and a range of around 800 km. With the speed of Mach 6, the Zircon can penetrate all the naval air defence systems in the world. Similarly, Russia has 9K720 Iskander short range ballistic missile- Wikipedia) with speed of Mach 6 and range 500km. Russia recently in March 2018 tested Kh-47M2 Kinzhal hypersonic air launched cruise missile - Wikipedia) with a devastating speed of Mach 10 and astonishing range of 2000 km. It can even maneuvers around potential air defence systems. 

Recently, India Tested Brahmos with indigenously manufactured seeker. Now, the only contribution of Russia to BrahMos is its propulsion. The guidance systems, tracking and detection system, and now seeker are all developed and manufactured by India. So, now if Russia wants to induct BrahMos, large sum of the profit will go to Indian firms rather than Russian firms. Why will Russia buy BrahMos when there are better domestic options available?

With missiles like Kinzhal, Iskander, Zircon and Oniks, Russia has no need to induct BrahMos cruise missile.

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